Issues: Litigation Center

In the Courts

Center for Arizona Policy (CAP) has been involved in the passage of 130 bills to date; however, the fight to defend life, marriage and family, and religious liberty does not end with the governor's signature on a bill. Our opponents continue to file lawsuits challenging CAP-supported laws in order to prevent them from being enforced.

CAP's Involvement

CAP's involvement in these lawsuits is usually one of support, and we are often used as a resource for compiling legislative history, expert testimony, and research. Additionally, CAP continues to be in a position to submit amicus briefs (friend of the court briefs), which allow for CAP's voice to be heard in these court battles.

CAP-Supported Legislation Being Litigated

Connolly v. Roche (originally Connolly v. Brewer)

Description:

Issue: Whether Arizona's constitutional definition of marriage violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution.

Current Status:

On October 17, 2014, District Court Judge John Sedwick struck down Arizona’s marriage amendment. Attorney General Horne filed a notice of appeal with the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals following the Sixth Circuit Court’s upholding of the constitutionality of one man, one woman marriage. Arizona’s opening brief for the appeal is due February 25, 2015.

Notes:

Relevant URLs:

For Marriage Supporters: Grief Yes, Despair No via http://www.azpolicy.org/newsroom/for-marriage-supporters-grief-yes-despair-no 

4 Same-Sex Couples File Suit on Marriage via http://ktar.com/305/1690056/Samesex-marriages-again-an-issue-in-Arizona  

NAACP v. Horne

Description:

Issue: Whether Arizona's prohibition of abortions based on race or gender violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution.

Current Status:

District Court Judge David Campbell dismissed the lawsuit in October 2013 for lack of standing. That decision was then appealed by the ACLU to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and as of July 16, 2014, the case has been fully briefed. There is no timetable for when the court will make a decision on this case.

Notes:

Relevant URLs:

Challenge Against Law Prohibiting Race and Gender Based Abortions via http://www.adfmedia.org/News/PRDetail/8539

Majors v. Jeanes (originally Majors v. Horne)

Description:

Issue: Whether Arizona's constitutional definition of marriage violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution.

Current Status:

On the same day Judge Sedwick decided Connolly v. Roche, he also struck down Arizona’s marriage amendment in this case. Attorney General Horne filed a notice of appeal with the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals for this case, and both sides have agreed to stay the proceedings until March 25, 2015 while the U.S. Supreme Court determines whether to accept or deny review of the Sixth Circuit Deboer v. Snyder case (the Deboer case is close to being fully briefed and could be reviewed by the Court this term).

Notes:

Relevant URLs:

Lawsuit Challenges Arizona's Constitutional Marriage Amendment via http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/2014/03/13/arizona-same-sex-marriage-lawsuit/6378435

Same-Sex Couples Challenge Arizona's Constitutional Definition of Marriage via http://www.citizenlink.com/2014/03/14/same-sex-couples-challenge-arizonas-constitutional-marriage-amendment

Humble v. Planned Parenthood (Federal Court Case)

Description:

Issue: Whether Arizona's requirement that chemical abortions be administered according to the Food and Drug Administration Protocol is unconstitutional and imposes an undue burden on a woman's right to an abortion.

Current Status:

District Court Judge David Bury upheld the law in April 2014, but an appeal to the Ninth Circuit Court resulted in the law being struck down on June 3, 2014. Arizona has appealed that decision to the U.S. Supreme Court, and both sides have fully briefed the petition for writ of certiorari. The case is scheduled to be conferenced by the Court on December 12, 2014 to determine if the appeal will be accepted.

Notes:

Relevant URLs:

Going Rogue: Ninth Circuit Bucks Legal Precedent by Blocking AZ Law via http://www.azpolicy.org/newsroom/going-rogue-ninth-circuit-bucks-legal-precedent-by-blocking-az-law 

Ninth Circuit Court of Appeal blocks Arizona Law via http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/arizona/politics/2014/06/03/arizona-abortion-law-blocked-appeals-court/9917647 

To read Americans United for Life's amicus curiae brief submitted on behalf of 32 Arizona legislators in support of this CAP-supported law, click here.

Planned Parenthood Once Again Puts Profits Before People via http://www.azpolicy.org/newsroom/planned-parenthood-once-again-puts-profits-before-people

Planned Parenthood Loses. Arizona Women Win. via http://www.azpolicy.org/newsroom/planned-parenthood-loses-arizona-women-win

Arizona Women Deserve Better via http://www.azpolicy.org/newsroom/Arizona-Women-Deserve-Better

Circuit Court to Hear Abortion Drug Ban via http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/arizona/politics/article_cbd8b560-da1c-11e3-8d21-001a4bcf887a.html

Court to Decide on Abortion Drug Ban via http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/arizona/politics/2014/05/12/court-hear-arizona-abortion-drug-limits-case/9019949

Federal Appellate Judges to Determine if Abortion Drugs Should be Used According to FDA Protocol via http://azcapitoltimes.com/news/2014/05/13/a-flaw-in-the-argument-federal-judges-question-arizonas-restrictions-on-medication-abortion

Planned Parenthood v. Humble (State Court Case)

Description:

Issue: Whether Arizona's requirement that chemical abortions be administered according to the Food and Drug Administration Protocol unconstitutionally delegates legislative authority to the Food and Drug Administration, and whether Arizona Department of Health Services violated rulemaking procedures when promulgating the rules that govern this law.

Current Status:

Although this case challenged the law on different grounds from the federal lawsuit, oral argument on this case has been delayed until February 6, 2015 to allow time for the federal case to possibly be resolved.

Notes:

Relevant URLs:

Planned Parenthood Sues Arizona on Abortion Requirement via http://www.courthousenews.com/2014/04/11/66986.htm